Medical Assisted Reproduction

IUI (Intra Uterine Insemination).

Insemination is the infusion of enriched – processed semen in the uterus. This method increases the percentage of sperm cells in the tubes in comparison with normal intercourse and subsequently also increases the percentage of fertilization – conception.

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

Eggs are removed from the woman, with or without hormonal excitation of the ovaries. These are then fertilized in the laboratory with the partner’s sperm. The fertilized egg is transferred after 2-3 days to the uterus cavity of the future mother.

FRET (Frozen Embryo Tranfer)

Embryo Transfer of frozen, fertilized egg is performed in cases when the temporary postponement of pregnancy was deemed necessary or more than 3 eggs were fertilized and hence it was decided that the remaining ones would be frozen and used in a next cycle. In cases of azoospermia in the partner, sperm cells may be taken using one of the following methods:

PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration). Sperm cells are taken by the epididymis, using a needle.

TESA (Testicular Sperm Aspiration) is the receipt of sperm cells using a needle directly from the testicles.

TESE (Testicular Sperm Extraction – biopsy). Is the biopsy of testicular tissue, aiming to find sperm cells.

ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection)

The “microfertilization” is preferred in cases eggs could not be fertilized using IVF, or the partner’s sperm quality is not satisfactory – suitable, such as low volume of sperm, low sperm cells mobility or increased percentage of abnormal sperm cells forms.

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